Infants with atopic dermatitis have drier skin that tends to break more easily. It is therefore important to learn how to take care of them using the right creams.
Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is the most frequent among pediatric diseases.
It is skin inflammation, skin exteriorization of a genetic condition called atopy, affecting 20% of children under 7 years old, and 18% of those aged between 7 and 16 years old.
The symptoms, represented by red and wrinkled plaques that cause itching, appear since the first months of life and, in 90% of cases, tend to disappear within 5 or 6 years despite being a chronic condition (that does not heal) and relapse ( symptoms may occur again suddenly).
THE MAIN FEATURE OF NEWBORN BABY SKIN WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS IS DRYNESS THAT INCREASES THE RISK OF SCARRING, ITCHING, AND SUBSEQUENT LESIONS OR SCARRING INFLAMMATION.
Atopic dermatitis :
Dry skin is due to a deficiency in the skin’s barrier that does not effectively protect the skin making it more sensitive to external aggression.
It is therefore crucial to treat infants with atopic dermatitis with emollient creams or lotions, such as Mustela, which can hydrate and soften it properly and make it waterproof in order to retain moisture inside it.
Emollients Eczema And Atopic Dermatitis Babies
Emollients Are Semisolid Preparations To Be Applied Directly To The Skin To Reduce The Loss Of Water Due To Skin Dryness. They Are Often Used To Help Treat Dry Or Squamous Skin Conditions, Such As Atopic Dermatitis.
In Addition To Making The Skin Less Dry, They May Also Have A Bland Anti-Inflammatory Role And Thus Help Reduce The Risk Of The Acute Phase.
Availability On The Market Is Almost Infinite And Even Choosing From The Best Products, You May Need To Try More Than One Before Finding The Ideal One For Your Skin; Sometimes The Dermatologist Will Recommend A Combination, For Example:
- A Very Dry Skin Ointment
- A Cream Or A Lotion For The Skin Less Dry,
- A Non-Foaming Detergent To Be Used In Place Of Soap,
- An Emollient To Add To The Bathwater, Or Use It In The Shower
- A Product To Be Used On The Face And Hands And A Different One For The Body.
NEWBORN BABIES WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS: HOW AND WHAT CREAMS THEY CHOOSE TO CURE ECZEMA.
It will be the physician, pediatrician or dermatologist, to guide parents in the choice of creams, ointments, and oils useful for the treatment of dry skin of neonates with atopic dermatitis.
It is important that an atopic subject never resorts to self-medication, the risk is to aggravate eczema that can evolve into severe skin infections.
The ideal would be to hospitals that can carry out the multidisciplinary intervention, that is, an intervention that involves the involvement of more specialists in order to have a complete clinical picture, both dermatologically, allergically, and psychologically.
In this way, the whole family can receive therapeutic education that lasts longer it is still a chronic genetic condition that never heals helping them to deal with and manage the various symptoms and problems that atopic dermatitis involves.
The combined action of cortisone creams, whose anti-inflammatory action helps combat red and original plaques, and emollient creams that reduce skin dryness, allows controlling eczema.
How To Treat Eczema ? (Atopic Dermatitis )
- Use Lukewarm Water And No Hot Water.
- Limit The Bath Time To 5 To 10 Minutes.
- Only Use Detergents Whenever Necessary And In Any Case Use Only Neutral And Non-Perfumed Soaps. Do Not Use A Foam.
- If The Eczema Is Frequently Infected, It May Be Helpful For Two-Week Baths With Bleach. This Possibility Must Be Analyzed With A Dermatologist.
- After The Bath, Gently Skin The Skin, Wiping It Only Partially.
- If Skin Medication Is Prescribed, Apply The Medication To Almost Completely Dry Skin, Following The Instructions.
- Lastly, Apply A Moisturizer Over Any Medication And Skin.
- Moisturizing Cream
2. Consider Dense Creams Or Ointments.
- In Some Children, It Works Better Than Non-Perfumed Products, So Keep In Mind Also The Simple Vaseline, A Non-Perfumed Product That Works Well In Many Children.
- When Selecting Products, Doing Tests With Various Types Can Help You Find The Best Moisturizer For Your Baby.
3. Reduce The Discomfort
- Apply The Moisturizer At Least Twice A Day. This Prevents Dryness And Cracking Of The Skin. It May Also Diminish The Need For Anti-Eczema Drugs.
- If The Baby Has Intense Itching And Scratches A Lot, Consult A Dermatologist For Wet Bandage Therapy. These Can Reduce Swelling And Need To Scratch.
- Keep The Child’s Nails Short And Smooth. In This Way, The Baby Is Less Likely To Scratch The Skin. To Avoid Scratching Into Sleep, It May Be Helpful To Sleep With Cotton Gloves.
- Keep Comfortable Levels Of Room Temperature And Humidity. Avoid Situations Where The Air Is Extremely Dry Or Where The Child May Sweat And Overheat. Excessive Heat And Sweat Are The Most Common Triggers Of Itching.
4. Wash Your Clothes
- It May Be Useful To Use Delicate Detergents For Sensitive Skin. Perfumed Morbid Or Too Dry Linens Can Contribute To Irritation.
- Only Use Recommended Detergent Quantities.
- Rinse With Plenty Of Water.
- Wash Your New Clothes Before Getting Them To The Baby. This Will Eliminate The Excess Of Dyes And Other Compounds That Could Irritate The Skin.
NEWBORN BABIES WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS WHICH CREAMS ARE REALLY EFFECTIVE?
The effectiveness of creams useful for treating the skin of newborn babies with atopic dermatitis should be evaluated by the physician who chooses drugs based on the intensity of the eczema plates and the emollient creams depending on the degree of dryness of the skin (xerosis).
It is possible to divide xerosis into 5 different levels to deal with as many types of creams with different consistency:
- The extremely dry skin needs a product from texture dense (wax) can create a waterproof protective barrier;
- The very dry skin needs a dense enough product, such as the balm;
- The moderately dry skin requires the use of creams or ointments with a soft consistency;
- The dry skin can be eased with emollients;
- Insufficient skin can be fed with detergent milk.
Whatever type of skin to treat, it is still advisable to choose products that do not contain alcohol or perfumes.
If Your baby Skin Is Irritated And Inflamed, Your Doctor May Prescribe A Topical Corticosteroid, Which Can Reduce Inflammation Within A Few Days.
You Should Not Be Afraid To Apply It In The Right Amount And With The Correct Frequency, Because Topical Use Is Rarely Associated With Important Side Effects And The Benefits Are Certainly Greater Than The Risks.
TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TOPICAL PRODUCTS SUITABLE FOR NEWBORN BABIES WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS IT IS NECESSARY TO APPLY THEM REGULARLY, BUT ABOVE ALL, IN THE CORRECT WAY.
The application of creams should not be a punishment for parents and children. Pain and discomfort, mostly itching, which warn babies with atopic dermatitis may make this operation complicated, so it becomes fundamental to turn it into a relaxing and playful moment.
A family member should not only apply the ointment but must massage the skin of the subject a topically with delicate circular movements.
Before the massage, after a bath or evening before going to sleep, carefully wash your hands, even under the nails, and remove rings or other jewelry.
The emollient cream must be preheated heated between the hands and then applied to apply the following pattern:
- Legs: starts from the ankle until it reaches the thigh;
- Feet: can be included in the overall message or treated individually in the evening, to let the baby get relaxed before the bed. You start from the back and go in the direction of your fingers, singling them back;
- Arms: starts from the wrist until you reach the armpits.
- Hands: leave your fingers until you reach the wrists;
- Bust: They place their hands on the belly, the lower part, and always proceed with circular movements until they reach the neck;
- Back: seat the baby, the head should rest on the shoulder of the parent that will slide your hands along your shoulders, and then place them at the base of your back and traceback, performing delicate circular movements until you reach the neck;
- Face: the face of newborn babies with atopic dermatitis is considered the most sensitive area, so it should be treated last. It starts by taking the cream with the tip of your fingers and warming it between them, then massage with your forehead, temples, nose, an area under your eyes, cheeks, and chin.
Do not apply emollient creams if the skin of infants with atopic dermatitis present lesions, in which case it is advisable to contact your doctor.
The Difference Between Lotions, Creams, And Ointments Is The Amount Of Oil They Contain:
- Ointments Contain More, So They Are More Fat And Effective In Maintaining The Moisture Of The Skin.
- Lotions Contain The Least Amount Of Oil,
- Creams Are A Middle Ground.
It Is Also Possible That Over Time You May Need To Periodically Change The Products Used.
Usually, It Is Always Advisable To Use Them All Over The Body, Even In Phases Where There Are No Symptoms Of Atopic Dermatitis.